Urban China in Transition
IJURR Studies in Urban and Social Change Book Series 1. Aufl.
Using an innovative approach, this book interprets the unprecedented transformation of contemporary China’s major cities. It deals with a diversity of trends and analyzes their sources. <ul> <li>Offers a multi-dimensional analysis of urban life in China</li> <li>Highlights a diversity of trends in the areas of migration, criminal victimization, gated communities, and the status of women, suburbanization, and neighbourhood associations</li> <li>Each chapter includes input from both an expert on urban life in China and an 'outside' expert from the fields of sociology, geography, economics, planning, political science, history, demography, architecture, or anthropology</li> <li>An alternative theoretical perspective comparing the Chinese experience with other urban settings in the United States, Poland, Russia, Vietnam, East and South East Asia, and South America</li> </ul>
<p>Notes on the Contributors viii</p> <p>Series Editors’ Preface xiii</p> <p>Acknowledgments xiv</p> <p>Introduction: Urban China in Comparative Perspective 1<br /><i>John R. Logan and Susan S. Fainstein</i></p> <p><b>Part I: Market Transition in Work Units and the Labor Market 25</b></p> <p>1 Two Decades of Reform: The Changing Organization Dynamics of Chinese Industrial Firms 27<br /><i>Shahid Yusuf and Kaoru Nabeshima</i></p> <p>2 The Myth of the “New Urban Poverty”? Trends in Urban Poverty in China, 1988–2002 48<br /><i>Simon Appleton and Lina Song</i></p> <p>3 Class Structure and Class Inequality in Urban China and Russia: Effects of Institutional Change or Economic Performance? 66<br /><i>Yanjie Bian and Theodore P. Gerber</i></p> <p>4 Gender and the Labor Market in China and Poland 89<br /><i>C. Cindy Fan and Joanna Regulska</i></p> <p><b>Part II: Changing Places 113</b></p> <p>5 Urbanization, Institutional Change, and Sociospatial Inequality in China, 1990–2001 115<br /><i>Michael J. White, Fulong Wu, and Yiu Por (Vincent) Chen</i></p> <p>6 Growth on the Edge: The New Chinese Metropolis 140<br /><i>Yixing Zhou and John R. Logan</i></p> <p>7 Mirrored Reflections: Place Identity Formation in Taipei and Shanghai 161<br /><i>Jennifer Rudolph and Hanchao Lu</i></p> <p>8 Is Gating Always Exclusionary? A Comparative Analysis of Gated Communities in American and Chinese Cities 182<br /><i>Youqin Huang and Setha M. Low</i></p> <p><b>Part III: Impacts of Migration 203</b><br /><br />9 Urbanization in China in the 1990s: Patterns and Regional Variations 205<br /><i>Zai Liang, Hy Van Luong, and Yiu Por (Vincent) Chen</i></p> <p>10 Trapped in Neglected Corners of a Booming Metropolis: Residential Patterns and Marginalization of Migrant Workers in Guangzhou 226<br /><i>Min Zhou and Guoxuan Cai</i></p> <p>11 Migration and Housing: Comparing China with the United States 250<br /><i>Weiping Wu and Emily Rosenbaum</i></p> <p><b>Part IV: Social Control in the New Chinese City 269</b></p> <p>12 Economic Reform and Crime in Contemporary Urban China: Paradoxes of a Planned Transition 271<br /><i>Steven F. Messner, Jianhong Liu, and Susanne Karstedt</i></p> <p>13 Migration, Urbanization, and the Spread of Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Empirical and Theoretical Observations in China and Indonesia 294<br /><i>Christopher J. Smith and Graeme Hugo</i></p> <p>14 The State’s Evolving Relationship with Urban Society: China’s Neighborhood Organizations in Comparative Perspective 315<br /><i>Benjamin L. Read and Chun-Ming Chen</i></p> <p>Subject index 336</p> <p>Author index 355</p>
These essays on recent Chinese urban developments--particularly trends in migration, labor economics, housing, economic and sociospatial inequality, and governance--offer macro and micro perspectives through analysis of nationwide patterns or developments in specific cities, thus capturing the regional diversity and types of cities in China. Editor Logan is careful not to present the Chinese instance as exceptional, but to situate it within a wider context through comparative analysis. He pairs up scholars from different disciplines and areas for each essay in order to set up comparison between Chinese urban developments and those in the US, Latin America, Europe, and Asia. Logan asked the contributors to view their data through four theoretical lenses: modernization (Simon Kuznet's model), dependency/world system, developmental state, and market transition. By doing so, contributors discover meaningful differences that reveal trends unique to the Chinese context. On the whole, this collection offers undergraduates an accessible introduction to contemporary urban developments in China and to a wide range of qualitative and quantitative analyses commonly used in the social sciences. <b>Summing Up</b>: Highly recommended. All academic levels/libraries. -- <i>L. Teh, University of Chicago</i> (Choice, February 2009)
<b>John R. Logan</b> is Professor of Sociology and Director of the initiative on Spatial Structures in the Social Sciences at Brown University. Founder of the Urban China Research Network, supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Dr. Logan is also a member of the editorial boards of <i>Journal of Urban Affairs</i> and <i>City and Community</i>. He was chosen Distinguished Professor of Sociology at the University at Albany, SUNY, as well as Director of the Lewis Mumford Center for Comparative Urban and Regional Research. In April 2003 he was selected by American Demographics magazine as one of five social demographers whose work has most influenced his field in the last 25 years.
China is rapidly becoming a world power. No longer a developing country, China’s cities are undergoing transformations of historic proportions. This book, in the <i>Studies in Urban and Social Change</i> series, evaluates these multi-dimensional changes. With input from professionals in a variety of fields, including Sociology, Geography, Economics, Demography, Planning, Architecture, and Anthropology, <i>Urban China in Transition</i> analyzes Chinese trends in diverse topics including: <ul> <li>Migration</li> <li>Crime</li> <li>Gated Communities</li> <li>Neighborhood Associations</li> <li>Suburbanization</li> <li>Women’s status</li> </ul> <p>Chapters are co-authored by experts on urban Chinese life together with others whose expertise is on the particular topic. Comparisons to urban areas in the United States, Eastern Europe, Asia, and South America pose thoughtful questions about the possible trajectory of Chinese urban development, while underscoring its uniqueness. The result is a broad theoretical and historical perspective that sharply focuses the Chinese experience through alternative prisms, thus enriching theoretical discussion and debate.</p>
"Chinese cities are changing in incredibly complex and fascinating ways, and this volume presents a very impressive set of research studies of a wide range of aspects of such changes, written by first rate scholars. Anyone interested in changing urban social patterns in the world's most dynamic and populous society will want to consult this volume."<br /> –<b>Martin K. Whyte,</b> Harvard University <p>"John Logan’s kaleidoscopic collection offers diverse perspectives on urban dynamics in China, while simultaneously setting China’s cities in a comparative context that ranges from Russia to the United States. Globally oriented urbanists and China specialists alike will find it a valuable new resource."<br /> –<b>Peter Evans,</b> University of California, Berkeley</p>